“Lovcen National Park is located in the rocky region of the Dinaric Alps, and the south-western part of Montenegro, between Skadar Lake basin and the Boka-Kotor Bay and the Riviera of Budva. Slopes of Lovcen Mountain steeply rise from the coastal region of Budva and close to the long winding bays of Boka Kotorska, forming spectacular hinterland to the ancient seafarers’ town of Kotor”.
On the south Lovcen National Park is bordered with the Budva – Cetinje highway and with old Kotor road on the north. Visiting the Lovcen National Park and the most impressive Mausoleum of Petar Petrovic Njegos on the top of this massive mountain that elevates up to 1600 meters, will leave you speechless and with an unforgettable experience. You can get to the mausoleum either by car or bus from either Kotor (via old Kotor road; ) or over Cetinje (20 km/30 minutes) passing through a certain climate spa and lush beech, oak and linden forests or the more and more famous rest home Ivan’s riverbeds, that is the scenic road not accessible to Njegusi mausoleum the whole year, due to snow which usually lasts until May. Lovcen National Park covers a surface of 6220 hectares. The seat of the Lovcen National Park is at Cetinje. The “Black Mountain”, after which Montenegro got its name, rises to a spectacular altitude of 1749 meters. Mountain slopes of Lovcen are rocky, with numerous fissures, pits and deep depressions, providing a spectacular scenery.
Flora and Fauna
Lovcen National Park is known for its natural, cultural and historical characteristics. The location of the park between two climatic zones, the Mediterranean and continental, caused the development of a rich flora and fauna with many endemic species. Among the 1,300 plant species, which make 1/3 of the total Montenegrin flora, there are many endemic, rare, medicinal, and aromatic species. The area of the park is a habitat for many animal species, with numerous endemic and relict forms. In addition to mammals (wolf, bear, wild boar, fox, deer, rabbit, hedgehogs, silverchest Montenegrin wolves, etc.), Here are many other animal groups, around 200 species of birds, 11 species of reptiles, 5 species of amphibians, 85 species of butterflies 100 species of ants, 45 species of flower flies, 10 species of bark beetles and others.
The biggest and the most important monument of Lovcen National Park is Mausoleum of Njegoš, that dominates from the breathtaking Jezerski vrh peak (Lake Crest), a place chosen by this eminent poet and philosopher for his final rest. Mausoleum of Njegos was built between 1970 and 1974 as the master piece of the Croatian sculptor Ivan Mestrovic and a mixture of architectural and artistic work, with two caryatids at the entrance to the chapel – two marble caryatids represent two Montenegrin women symbolically keeping the kript and in front of it Njegos’s figure carved from granite. Njegoš Mausoleum is the highest mausoleum in the world. 461 stairs lead from parking lot to the imposing structure of Njegos Mausoleum.
Birthplace of Njegoš
In the small village called Erakovići in Njegusi, the architectural ensemble dynastic house Petrovic family, is Njegoš’s birth house It was built by Njegoš’s uncle Petar I Petrovic in 1779. The house where Bishop Rade was born, has repeatedly been renewed. This simple elongated structure was adapted into a memorial museum dedicated to Njegoš in 1973. The museum contains items of furniture from the house.
In the courtyard of the poet’s home, the house where the last king Prince Nikola “The Thumb” Petrović was born. This stone building is one of the best masonry works in Njeguško field. It was built by the Duke Mirko Petrovic, prince’s father, in the first half of the 19 century.